Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Blood Test
Test Code: 10231 Specimen Type: Blood Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Blood Test A Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Blood Test is an extensive screening test for evaluating organ’s function and electrolyte balance as well as help in diagnosis of diabetes, liver disease and kidney disease. With Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Blood Test, people receiving treatment for kidney or liver condition can be monitored. The Comprehensive Metabolic […]View Details
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Test Code: 10231
Specimen Type: Blood
A Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Blood Test is an extensive screening test for evaluating organ’s function and electrolyte balance as well as help in diagnosis of diabetes, liver disease and kidney disease.
With Comprehensive Metabolic Panel Blood Test, people receiving treatment for kidney or liver condition can be monitored.
The Comprehensive Metabolic Panel contains all the measurement in a Basic Metabolic Panel and most of the same measurement as a Hepatic Function Panel and a Renal Function Panel.
A Comprehensive Metabolic Panel includes the following tests:
- Glucose:High sugar level is indicative of a number of conditions including diabetes.
- BUN ( Blood Urea Nitrogen) : This test evaluates the kidney function.
- Creatinine: Used for kidney function evaluation
- BUN/Creatinine Ratio: This calculation is only provided if BUN measurement or Creatinine are out of expected values or on the condition that the person tested is under the age of 19.
- Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR): Used to detect kidney damage in its infancy.
- Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Carbon Dioxide Total: An imbalance of electrolytes can indicate a number of problematic conditions including dehydration, Addison’s disease, kidney disease, and Diabetes
- Calcium: Normal levels of calcium are important for strong and healthy bones, heart, nerves, kidney and teeth.
- Protein, Total: Helps in measuring the function and nutritional status of the liver and kidney
- Albumin: A protein essential for healthy liver and kidney function
- Globulin: A protein that aids the body in its fight against infection and promote proper blood clotting.
- Albumin/Globulin Ratio: Can identify various liver problem when combined with other result
- Bilirubin, Total : Identify conditions such as anemia, sickle cell, hepatitis, cirrhosis, alcohol, and drug abuse
- Alkaline Phosphatase ( ALP): It is used for detection of liver disease or bone disorder
- Aspartate Amino Transferase (AST): Used in the evaluation of liver function. High level of AST indicates Hepatitis.
- Alanine Amino Transferase (ALT): Use for identification of liver damage.
A Comprehensive Metabolic Panel is usually done as part of a routine health check. It is advised to be taken when a person experience symptoms indicative of problematic condition of liver and kidney.
Results Comprehensive Metabolic Panel are typically returned within 1 business days. We take every precaution to ensure you receive your results on time.
Why Get Tested?
To give your healthcare provider important information about the current status of your metabolism, including the health of your kidneys and liver as well as electrolyte and acid/base balance and levels of blood glucose and blood proteins; to monitor known conditions, such as hypertension, and to monitor the use of medications to check for any kidney- or liver-related side effects
When To Get Tested?
As part of a routine health exam; when you are being monitored for a specific condition or are taking medications that may impact your kidney or liver
Test Preparation Needed?
You may need to fast (nothing but water) for 10 to 12 hours prior to the blood draw. Depending on the reason for ordering the CMP, it may be drawn after fasting or on a random basis. Follow any instructions you are given.
A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm
What is being tested?
The comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP) is a frequently ordered panel of 14 tests that gives a healthcare provider important information about the current status of a person’s metabolism, including the health of the kidneys and liver, electrolyte and acid/base balance as well as levels of blood glucose and blood proteins. Abnormal results, and especially combinations of abnormal results, can indicate a problem that needs to be addressed.
The CMP includes the following tests:
Glucose – energy source for the body; a steady supply must be available for use, and a relatively constant level of glucose must be maintained in the blood.
Calcium – one of the most important minerals in the body; it is essential for the proper functioning of muscles, nerves, and the heart and is required in blood clotting and in the formation of bones.
Albumin – a small protein produced in the liver; the major protein in serum
Total Protein – measures albumin as well as all other proteins in serum
Sodium – vital to normal body processes, including nerve and muscle function
Potassium – vital to cell metabolism and muscle function
CO2 (carbon dioxide, bicarbonate) – helps to maintain the body’s acid-base balance (pH)
Chloride – helps to regulate the amount of fluid in the body and maintain the acid-base balance
BUN (blood urea nitrogen) – waste product filtered out of the blood by the kidneys; conditions that affect the kidney have the potential to affect the amount of urea in the blood.
Creatinine – waste product produced in the muscles; it is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys so blood levels are a good indication of how well the kidneys are working.
ALP (alkaline phosphatase) – enzyme found in the liver and other tissues, bone; elevated levels of ALP in the blood are most commonly caused by liver disease or bone disorders.
ALT (alanine amino transferase, also called SGPT) – enzyme found mostly in the cells of the liver and kidney; a useful test for detecting liver damage
AST (aspartate amino transferase, also called SGOT) – enzyme found especially in cells in the heart and liver; also a useful test for detecting liver damage
Bilirubin – waste product produced by the liver as it breaks down and recycles aged red blood cells